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Apr 9, 2024

Outlook for the Texas Economy

Texas consumers remained confident in the economy with consumer confidence rising for the second consecutive month. The labor market started the year with slower growth with the Fed pausing rate hikes at a 23-year high.

Written by
Joshua Roberson
Last updated
Apr 12, 2024


Texas consumers remained confident in the economy with consumer confidence rising for the second consecutive month. The labor market started the year with slower growth with the Fed pausing rate hikes at a 23-year high. Home sales had a strong increase from the previous month’s dip. Mortgage rates fell from their peak value in 2023 but remained elevated and restrictive for first-time homebuyers. Texas trade had strong gains with crude oil showing a double-digit percent gain.

CPI Rises as Economic Activity Remains Strong

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 0.3 percent from last month and is up 3.1 percent from January 2023. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the index for shelter accounted for over two thirds of this month’s increase. The energy index posted monthly losses largely due to the fuel oil index falling 14.2 percent.

The Fed paused interest rate hikes in its January meeting, leaving the Fed Funds target at 5.25 to 5.5 percent. Inflation remains above the long-term goal of 2 percent, but the lower readings in the second half of last year are a sign inflation is moving in the right direction. Economic activity grew at a faster pace in 4Q2023 (3.3 percent) than in 2023 as a whole (3.1 percent), suggesting GDP growth is strong. Interest rates should start to decrease if economic activity remains strong while inflation cools, according to Fed Chairman Jerome Powell.

Texas Payroll Remains Resilient

Texas total nonfarm employment added 19,400 workers despite a 23-year-high Federal Funds Rate.  Houston reported a steady increase of 9,700 while San Antonio experienced a relatively smaller growth of 3,800.

Austin reported insignificant decreases in employment while Dallas (5,300) and San Antonio (3,800) lost workers. The state’s payroll continued to climb, gaining 19,400 workers. Two sectors that influenced this month’s gains were professional and business services and education and health services, each attracting 10,100 and 4,600 workers, respectively. Trade, transportation, and utilities lost 7,600 workers during the month.

Texas worker sentiment remains resilient with a high participation rate of 64.1 percent. The unemployment rate has been steady at 3.9 percent for eight months, and continued unemployment claims averaged around 157,880 applications weekly.

Home Sales Skyrocket

According to the latest data, Texas had a 14.6 percent increase in total home sales month over month, resulting in 29,209 homes sold (see table). Notably, all major cities in Texas experienced an upswing in housing sales compared to 4Q2023. The most significant increase was in Houston (37.3 percent) with a surge of over 2,000 additional sales compared to December. The rest of the Big Four experienced strong monthly gains of over 10 percent.

Merchants’ Future Business Outlook Remains Optimistic

Service sector activity declined in January with the revenue index falling from 4.0 in December to -3.6. A negative index indicates more respondents reported negative MOM growth than positive. According to the Dallas Fed’s Service Sector Outlook Survey, perception of broader business conditions worsened slightly with the general business activity index remaining in negative territory at -9.3. Respondents remained optimistic about future business conditions, with the future general business activity index remaining in positive territory while the future revenue index climbed to 36.7.

Retail payroll decreased by 8,800 workers in January. Despite the month’s decrease in payroll, the year-over-year (YOY) retail employment change remains slightly positive at 0.8 percent.

Sales plummeted as the Dallas Fed’s Retail Outlook Survey reported the revenue index moved from –2.2 to –28.6, signifying sales fell at a rapid pace. The labor market within the retail sector worsened as the employment index fell into negative territory at –8.4. The perception of broader business continued to worsen with the general business activity index falling to -25.4. Expectations for future retail growth wavered with the employment index remaining positive while the future general business activity index fell further into negative territory.

Global Trade Shows Strong Increases

Texas’ all-commodity exports rose 4.6 percent MOM and 2 percent YOY in December. Demand fluctuated MOM for the top three manufacturing exports: computer/electronics (down 4 percent), petroleum/coal (up 17 percent), and chemicals (up 0.6 percent). Industries besides petroleum that influenced the monthly gain were wood products (50 percent) and machinery, except electrical, (31.1 percent). The beverage/tobacco industry fell from December’s spike, falling 22.4 percent, but remains positive by 99.1 percent YOY. Demand for Texas’ crude oil exports rebounded from last month’s fall, rising by 14 percent. Europe overtook Asia as the biggest importer of Texas crude oil, sitting at 41 percent to 38 percent of the total market share. Ireland and France both reported strong increases of over 100 percent. Japan and China’s imports decreases 90 percent and 65 percent respectively.

Select Economic Indicators

  • The Texas Leading Economic Index grew to 128.1 (1987=100), signaling possible economic expansion in the upcoming months.
  • Nominal average hourly earnings rose 2.0 percent MOM to $32.87. Earnings across all four major metros increased with Austin (+$1.06) and Dallas (+$0.80) showing the greatest change.
  • Texas consumer confidence rose 3.2 MOM.
  • The ten-year U.S. Treasury bond rose four basis points to 06 percent.
  • The Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation’s 30-year fixed-rate fell 18 basis points to64 percent.
  • The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot price fell 08 percent YOY from $78.12 to $74.15. The Henry Hub natural gas spot price fell 2.75 percent YOY from $3.27 to $3.18 per million British thermal units (BTU), coming down from the inflated 2022 values.

To access the complete report with all figures, click the download button.

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To see the previous month’s report, click here. For the report from a year ago, click here.

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Written by
Joshua Roberson
Last updated
Apr 12, 2024

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